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  • Writer's pictureMertcan AYAZ

Maxillofacial Surgery: Description and Applications


Maxillofacial surgery is defined as a branch of surgical procedures performed to correct and treat structures in the jaw and face area. These surgical procedures aim to correct abnormalities, deformities, injuries, jaw joint problems and other jaw-related health problems in the jaw bones.


Maxillofacial surgery, also called maxillofacial surgery, includes improving complex anatomical structures in the mouth, jaw, face and head region and solving aesthetic problems. These surgical procedures are performed to treat problems with jaw development and facial symmetry, jaw closing disorders, jaw joint disorders, and harmonious alignment of teeth.


Jaw surgery can be used to treat the following conditions:


Malocclusion (tooth mismatch): In case of incompatible closure of the teeth and jaws, corrective operations can be performed on the jaw bones with jaw surgery. This can improve a person's chewing function and restore facial symmetry.


Jaw anomalies: Congenital anomalies in the jaw bones can be corrected with jaw surgery. For example, conditions such as lower jaw retraction (mandibular retrusion) or upper jaw excess (maxillary protrusion) may require surgical intervention.


Jaw injuries: Jaw fractures caused by accident, sports activities or trauma can be corrected with maxillofacial surgery. Fixing the fractures and fixing the bone ensures proper healing and restoration of normal jaw functions.


Jaw joint problems: Jaw joint dysfunction can be treated with maxillofacial surgery. These problems are usually manifested in the form of jaw pain, difficulty in chewing and restriction in jaw movements. Surgery can help correct problems related to the jaw joint.


Aesthetic procedures: Jaw surgery is also used to improve the chin contour or facial contours. For example, using chin implants or bone grafts can increase the volume of the chin, correct the shape of the chin and improve the overall aesthetics of the face.


Maxillofacial surgery is usually performed by a specialist maxillofacial surgeon or maxillofacial surgeon. These specialists have advanced training and experience to perform the necessary surgical interventions. Maxillofacial surgery is usually performed in a hospital or operating room setting and is usually done under general anesthesia.


Surgical procedures may vary depending on the specific needs of the person. First, a detailed preliminary assessment is made and imaging techniques (eg, X-ray, CT scan, MRI) are used to assess the jaw and facial structure. This assessment helps the surgeon create the appropriate treatment plan.


The recovery process after jaw surgery may vary depending on the type of surgical intervention and the individual factors. Pain, swelling and bruising can often be experienced during the healing process. Your surgeon will provide instructions such as pain management, wound care, and proper nutrition to facilitate the healing process.


Jaw surgery can provide aesthetic results as well as correcting problems in the jaw structure and improving functions. It can also affect people's social and emotional well-being by increasing their confidence in their facial features and jaw contour.


However, there are some factors that should be taken into account when deciding on jaw surgery. It is important to be informed about the risks and benefits of these procedures. Consulting with a specialist surgeon is important to determine the most appropriate treatment option for the individual's particular situation.


In conclusion, maxillofacial surgery is a branch of surgery used to correct various chin and face problems and to achieve aesthetic results. These surgical procedures can improve a person's quality of life and aesthetic appearance. However, as with any surgical procedure, it is important to understand the risks and benefits of these procedures and to follow the guidance of a qualified surgeon.

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