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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

What is Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery?

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery diagnoses and treats all diseases in the oral cavity.

In this section, where the treatment of patients in all age ranges is applied; Patients with problems such as difficulty chewing or biting, difficulty swallowing, jaw joint problems and tooth wear are also taken care of.


What Diseases Does Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery Treat?

Problems that are very common among maxillofacial surgery patients; It is usually noticed by difficulty in biting, chewing or swallowing problems. The patient should also be examined by specialist physicians in cases of dental wear, abrasion and jawbone problems.

Finding and solving the sources of problems such as snoring, difficulties in noisy breathing and snoring are also included in the scope of this section.

Related treatments within the scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery are:

Normal and surgical tooth extractions,
Diagnosis and treatment of jaw cysts and tumors,
Bone augmentation,
Extraction of impacted and complicated teeth,
Diagnosis and treatment of infections in the mouth, jaw and face,
Diagnosis and treatment of soft tissue areas in the mouth,
Treatment of fractures in the jaw and face area,
Treatment of dental intraosseous lesions,
Root tip resections,
Surgical correction of hard and soft tissues before dental prosthesis construction,
Treatment of cleft lip and palate,
Medical and surgical treatment of salivary gland diseases,
Surgical treatment of deformities that cause aesthetic and functional disorders,
Implant applications,

Treatment of bone necrosis in the jaw due to drugs and radiotherapy applied during cancer treatment is performed.

Treatments Applied in Our Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery Department Clinic
Congenital or acquired maxillofacial abnormalities,
implant placement,
implant surgery,
Positioning bone grafts in jawbones where there is not enough space for the implant,
Treatment of cleft palate and lip,
embedded tooth extraction,
Jawbone cyst treatment procedures are applied.

What are the Problems That May Occur If Jaw Bone Cysts Are Not Treated?

Cavities containing liquid or semi-liquid and covered with soft tissue are called cysts. Small enough to be seen only with a microscope, these bacteria are found in the mouth at all hours of the day.

If the number of bacteria in the mouth exceeds a certain rate, this situation begins to damage the mouth structure, creating various wounds and swellings in the mouth. As a result of these symptoms, the patient is diagnosed with a jawbone cyst by specialist physicians who have developed themselves in the field of oral, dental and maxillofacial surgery.

Jaw cysts, which can be treated with surgery, grow slowly and unnoticed. As long as the patient delays the treatment, pain and swelling may occur, as well as numbness and burning due to nerve compression.

Since this situation will affect the daily life of the patient, treatment should be started as soon as possible. Even if the cysts do not cause any discomfort to the patient, they must be treated.

Jaw cysts can be benign or malignant, as in any cyst. Cysts that may appear benign at first have the risk of turning into malignant cysts later on. This causes serious weakening of the jaw muscles. Oral care should be done without interruption in order to prevent the formation of cysts.

Some of the main problems that may arise in cases where the jaw cyst is not treated are as follows:

The cyst grows insidiously over time without the patient noticing and weakens the jawbone.
The jawbone becomes breakable with the slightest blow.
Jaw cysts, which also occur due to impacted teeth, can also affect healthy neighboring teeth and cause tooth loss.
Health cannot be neglected, and as with any disease, early diagnosis saves lives.

What Complications Can Cause Impacted Teeth?
Impacted teeth are teeth that have not erupted or have not erupted where they should have come out in the mouth. The teeth may remain buried under the skin due to factors such as the thickness of the gingiva, the absence of a tooth eruption area, and genetic factors.

As long as the impacted teeth are not extracted, the pressure applied to the adjacent teeth can cause infection and cause tooth decay. These teeth may also need to be extracted for orthodontic reasons. As the tooth tries to come out, slipping and deformity of the teeth may occur due to the application of pushing on the teeth in the front.

Extraction of impacted teeth is performed by advanced oral, dental and maxillofacial surgeons. The patient can return to his daily life immediately after the procedure.

Various complications may occur in case of not using or disrupting the prescription drugs to be given by the physician. In some patients, the tooth may remain embedded in sufficient empty spaces in the jawbone. In this case, if the impacted tooth does not harm the patient and the adjacent teeth, there is no need for surgical intervention.

What are Implant Applications? What are the Benefits?
An implant is an artificially produced tooth root. Implant made of titanium and alloys; As a treatment method, it is often used to fill the cavity of decayed and extracted teeth. Since the jawbone will accept the titanium as a part of the body, the recovery period is short and the permanence period is long.

Implant application, which is preferred by many patients, is performed by oral, dental and maxillofacial surgeons. The reason why this treatment method is used so frequently is that it offers a wide range of treatment methods to patients with missing or no teeth.

The advantages of the implant treatment method compared to traditional treatment methods are quite high. One of the biggest advantages of this method is that it never harms the surrounding teeth during or after the application. Implant teeth, which are close to the natural tooth appearance, give the person an aesthetic and healthy appearance.

If oral care is done regularly, implant teeth provide a lifetime of use. This care is quite simple and should be added to the patient's daily oral care routine after treatment. Teeth should be brushed regularly and correctly twice a day, and then between teeth should be cleaned with dental floss to ensure that food residues are removed.

The main advantages of implant treatment are:

fluent speech,
Perfect tooth root
oral health,
It provides ease of eating.

How is Implant Treatment Applied?
Implant treatment is a very simple and painless procedure in today's technology. Since anesthesia will be applied during the treatment, the patient will not feel any pain.

The type of anesthesia is decided by physicians who are experts in the field of oral, dental and maxillofacial surgery after the patient is examined. As a result of the joint decision of the patient and the physician, anesthesia is applied generally or locally.

Titanium screws, that is, implants with artificial tooth roots, which can be used for a long time, are placed in the jawbone of the patient, who is prepared for the operation. It takes about 10-15 minutes to make each implant.

Fusion to the jawbone so that the placed implants can replace the real tooth root it needs. This period takes place between 3 and 6 months depending on the bone structure. In this process, the implants fuse with the jawbone and become ready for the next procedure.

In the process of union, the patient; He should pay attention to his diet, reduce the use of alcohol and cigarettes. Because the use of these substances prevents the implant from fusing with the jawbone and accordingly the implant may be lost.

After the patient recovers, the implants are able to lift the prosthetic tooth and permanent prosthesis is applied. Any patient with a suitable gap in the mouth and jawbone can have implant treatment. However, in some patients, there may not be enough free space for implantation. In such cases, a suitable area is created for implant placement in the patient with advanced surgical methods.

People with diseases such as high blood pressure and hemophilia should be treated with an implant procedure together with their doctors. Likewise, if a disease that will prevent healing, such as diabetes, is controlled with drugs, there will be no problem in the application of implant treatment.

What is Tooth Extraction?
Tooth extraction is the extraction of unhealthy teeth that cannot be cured as a result of damage to one or more teeth. This procedure is performed by specialist dentists or oral, dental and maxillofacial surgeons, under local anesthesia or various sedation applications.

Milk teeth fall out over time and are replaced by permanent teeth, and these permanent teeth can remain on the jawbone for a lifetime. People apply to specialist physicians to have their sequential teeth extracted due to various ailments. For orthodontic treatments, teeth that disrupt the oral structure and impair the tooth structure by applying pressure to the neighboring teeth should be extracted.

After tooth extraction, the patient can continue his daily life from where he left off. However, they should not consume hot food and drink for 24 hours, and should not use alcohol and cigarettes.

What is Impacted Tooth Extraction?
Teeth that cannot come out because they do not have enough space or cannot come into the right position are called impacted teeth. Mostly, 20-year-old teeth have impacted teeth problems. However, in some cases, there is a possibility of impacted teeth that are not wisdom teeth.

Teeth that have stopped protruding from the gums may in some cases come out halfway and then stop coming out. Since the structure of each impacted tooth is different, different treatment methods should be applied to the individual. The most effective treatment method for teeth that press on other teeth, move in the jawbone and do not come out spontaneously is surgical intervention.

The extraction of impacted teeth, which gives pain to the patient over time, is performed by oral, dental and maxillofacial surgeons. One of the main reasons why impacted teeth cause pain is the application of general pressure in the mouth and the compression of healthy teeth, as there is no place to come out.

The treatment is given to the patient after local anesthesia and takes approximately 45 minutes – 1 hour. If the patient uses the painkillers given by the doctor after tooth extraction, he will start to heal without any pain. The recovery period is an average of 7 days.

Impacted tooth symptoms are as follows:

Bleeding in the mouth, teeth or gums,
gum sensitivity,
Pain in the jaw and ear,
Swelling that may occur in the lymph nodes,
bad breath,
Difficulty opening the mouth
It can be seen in the form of pain when chewing or biting food.
What are the Advantages of Quadruple Implant Treatment?
Implant treatment is applied to the patient to fill the gaps caused by tooth loss and various reasons. However, the treatment of people who have lost many teeth or are edentulous can be very long and costly. With this method, instead of using a single implant for each missing tooth, four implants are used at the top and four at the bottom.

The quadruple implant application technique is applied to patients who have no teeth. This treatment is used to fix the prosthesis with 4-6 implants; It is a simple, painless, effective and affordable method.

Bone losses are usually at the back of the patients' jaws, and therefore this application can be performed on the anterior jawbone. With this technique, oral, dental and maxillofacial surgery clinics provide the patient with natural and beautiful-looking teeth in the same day with a single surgical procedure.

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