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Gum Diseases

What is Gum Diseases?

Gum Diseases is the inflammation of the soft tissue around the teeth by being damaged for various reasons. Periodontitis, which is easily treated with early diagnosis, can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.

Gum diseases are easy to treat, but if neglected, it will lead to irreversible results. In addition, the protection of teeth and healthy gums will provide good digestion and keep your body healthy.


Why Do Gum Diseases Occur?

A soft bacterial layer, called microbial dental plaque, accumulates on all tooth surfaces and between them. If this plaque is not removed from the teeth well, harmful bacteria will multiply and cause you to deal with gum disease.

The harmful substances produced by bacteria cause inflammation in the gums and recession of the gums. Over time, microbial dental plaque turns into dental calculus over time, paving the way for gum diseases.

What Causes Gum Diseases?
One of the main causes is gingival plaque. However, factors such as cigarettes, drugs and stress have a significant impact on dental health. Dental health affects general body health.

Smoking not only harms the body but also increases the risk of gum disease. Due to the chemicals in the cigarette and the heat it gives to the gums, it causes gingivitis to go unnoticed.

Medications have a negative effect on gum health. Birth control pills, antidepressants, blood pressure and heart medications, immunosuppressant drugs will cause gum recession and gum inflammation.

Although stress is the cause of many diseases, it poses a risk in the formation and treatment of periodontal diseases.

Vitamin deficiency can lead to gum disease. Since the immunity of the body without vitamins will decrease, it will become open to infections.

Unhealthy diet negatively affects the body and weakens its immune system, making it vulnerable to infections. Gum diseases increase with unhealthy diet and become difficult to treat.

What are the Symptoms of Gum Diseases?

Gum bleeding, especially during tooth brushing
Sensitive and swollen gums,
bad breath,
Recession in the gums,
Gums begin to separate from around the teeth,
Teeth begin to wobble and roots begin to appear.

Gum diseases can occur as gum recession, bleeding gums, and gum inflammation. Causes such as not paying attention to oral hygiene, brushing wrong and hard teeth, incorrect fillings, dental calculus, bruxism (teeth clenching) cause periodontal diseases.

If gingival diseases are still in the initial stage and have not progressed to the bone, the problem can be easily eliminated by paying attention to the cleaning of the calculus and oral care. However, if the problem progresses to the bone and progresses to the tissues under the gingiva, appropriate surgical procedures should be intervened.

How Are Gum Diseases Treated?
At the initial stage, oral hygiene training is given to the patient by cleaning the tooth and tooth surface, tooth root and tartar. Proper brushing and flossing is carefully demonstrated. Paying attention to oral hygiene is a form of treatment that will be sufficient for a simple gingivitis. However, different methods should be applied in more severe diseases.

Surgical treatment method should be used in advanced periodontal diseases. In case of advanced infection and gingival recession, cavities called periodontal pockets are eliminated.

Painless and bleeding-free treatment is possible with technological devices such as laser. After the application, the patient is kept under observation with 3, 6, 12-month controls in order to return to his daily routine and have completely healthy gums.

How to Prevent Gingival Recession (Periodontitis)?
Keeping the teeth as clean as possible is one of the easiest and most practical ways to minimize gingival recession. You can easily prevent your gums from receding by brushing your teeth twice a day, using flossing and cleaning your teeth regularly by dentists.

What is Tooth Sensitivity and How Does It Occur?
Tooth sensitivity refers to dent or root sensitivity in the teeth. If factors such as hot, cold, sweet, sour, acidic drinks or cold weather cause your teeth to become sensitive and sore, it means you have tooth sensitivity.

The enamel layer on the teeth covers the dentin in the tooth and prevents the tooth from being affected by factors such as cold and heat. If the enamel layer loses its function, dentin will be exposed as a result of gingival recession and you will face tooth sensitivity.

How Is Tooth Sensitivity Treated?
The treatment of tooth sensitivity is through paying attention to oral hygiene. If you do your daily dental and oral care correctly and regularly, it will respond positively to the treatment of gum diseases. Dentists have some suggestions to reduce your tooth sensitivity;

Avoid hard blows and applications to your teeth,
Make sure to clean your teeth with a soft bristle brush,
You need to brush your teeth regularly,
You should floss regularly and correctly.
What Can Be Done to Prevent Tooth and Gum Diseases?
For oral health, you should be under the control of a dentist regularly once every 6 months. Regular check-ups will easily prevent possible gingival disorders.

Plaque builds up on the teeth over time. Wrong brushing and not using dental floss cause periodontitis diseases by turning these plaques into dental calculus over time. But regular brushing and flossing alone will not be enough. It is necessary to clean the tartar regularly under the control of the dentist.

Teeth should be cleaned with the right technique with a soft-bristled toothbrush, which is not too much trouble.

Smoking should be stopped, attention should be paid to healthy nutrition and stress should be avoided as much as possible.

What are the Complications that May Occur with Gum Retraction?
One of the saddest consequences of gum recession is losing teeth. In addition, with gum recession, harmful bacteria can easily enter the circulatory system and harm the general health of your body.

Is There a Connection Between Gum Disease and General Health?
A discomfort in the gums will affect other organs. Bacteria in the gums are said to damage organs. All harmful organisms that occur in the gums can travel through the body through the circulation. Respiratory ailments are said to be linked to rheumatoid arthritis, coronary artery and blood sugar control problems in diabetes, and gum recession.

Is Gum Disease Hereditary?
It has not been proven to be genetic, but some people have a genetic predisposition to certain diseases. For this reason, people with gum diseases in family members should be more attentive to their teeth and should not interrupt their checkups by going to the dentist regularly.

If you do not want any disease to occur in the gums, the most important detail that you should pay attention to is not to interrupt the cleaning of the teeth. You can prevent the problem by taking early precautions against any problem by having monthly check-ups with the dentists.

If the dentists deem it appropriate, you can solve the discomfort with antibiotic treatment and the use of a special mouthwash.

Brushing the teeth twice a day and using dental floss will be very useful as it will destroy the bacteria.

Is Mouthwash Used for Gum Diseases?
Mouthwash is one of the dental cleaning products that must be used in any gum disease. It will help to prevent plaque and tartar formation by cleaning your teeth by contributing to dental cleaning.

Which Department Takes Care of Gum Diseases?
You can start your treatment by applying to the periodontology department.

(Periondontology; the branch of science dealing with the treatment of diseases that occur in the gums.)

What are the Suggestions for the Prevention of Gum Diseases?
It is necessary to brush the teeth regularly and use the bottom floss. A soft-bristled brush is recommended.

Vitamin C deficiency is said to be effective on gum diseases. Keeping your vitamin C level at a certain level under the supervision of a doctor will be beneficial for your teeth.

Not smoking has become something recommended by almost all dentists. Smoking will trigger gum diseases and turn the treatment into a difficult process.

We recommend that you adopt a regular and healthy diet. Consuming too much fast food and adopting a greasy, unhealthy diet will trigger gum disease.

Are There Herbal Treatment Methods For Gum Diseases?
It is known that plants are very useful for gum diseases.

One of them is the daisy. It is known that chamomile protects against gum diseases due to its antiseptic nature and does not cause any side effects. You can keep the chamomile in boiling water for 10 minutes and then use it as a mouthwash. It is recommended to discontinue use in case of any allergic reaction.

Thyme cure is one of the most useful herbs when used regularly. It is recommended to use 2-3 times a day while brushing your teeth.

It has been determined that licorice root also prevents plaque formation and is good for gingivitis. Licorice root, a natural sweetener, can be used as a sugar substitute in teas. It is recommended to consume 3 cups a day. Overuse can cause headaches, increased blood pressure, and fatigue.

Echinacea is an herb known for boosting the immune system. Echinacea, which is recommended to be used in the form of mouthwash, will strengthen your immunity and protect you against any gum disease.

Many people know that green tea has many benefits. We cannot pass without saying that it is also good for gum disease. You can use warm green tea regularly by gargling.

Nettle, which turns into a very useful plant for teeth with its antibacterial properties, also prevents the formation of dental plaque and acts as a natural mouthwash.

Peppermint is a very powerful herb in fighting bacteria. Drinking mint tea will prevent gingivitis and leave a fresh taste in your mouth.

Sage, containing antiseptic components, stops bleeding and removes bacteria.

It is common for cloves to be used in gum care. Clove provides daily care for your teeth by destroying bacteria with its antiseptic properties.

What Can Happen If Gum Disease Is Not Treated?
If the teeth are ignored and gum diseases are not treated, the disease progresses to the bone and can lead to irreversible results. Inflammation of the tissues progresses to the alveolar bone that supports the teeth and can cause you to lose your teeth.

Can Alcohol Cause Gum Diseases?
Since alcohol causes changes in the amount and structure of saliva, it can make your teeth vulnerable to bad breath and infections. In addition to its effects such as irritation and redness, it can increase an existing infection and complicate the treatment process.

How Long Does Gum Disease Treatment Take?
Today, since the treatment is applied with laser practical technology tools, the healing process is faster without bleeding and pain. Although the duration of treatment varies according to the problem you are experiencing and the course of your disease, you can extend or shorten the treatment by applying to your dentist whenever you feel any discomfort.

Do Children Have Gum Diseases?
It is said that the risk of gum disease in children increases as they get older. However, there are some situations where children are at risk. You are faced with conditions such as not paying attention to oral care, insufficient and malnutrition, pediatric diseases, vitamin deficiency.

Is Toothpaste Choice Important for Gum Diseases?
Your toothbrush and brushing technique are more important than the toothpaste to be used. If you are not in a special situation, it would be a good choice to choose the suitable toothpaste for you or to get advice from your dentist.

However, it is seen that many patients with gingival problems experience some difficulties in the teeth brushing technique. For this reason, if you apply for examinations, you will first be shown the correct brushing and flossing techniques, and then treatment will be started.

Does Gum Disease Cause Bad Breath?
If you have a problem such as gingivitis, infection and bacteria can cause bad breath. Diseases such as bruises, pharyngitis, sinusitis, reflux can cause bad breath. You can find a solution to this problem in a short time by contacting your dentist.

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