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  • Writer's pictureMertcan AYAZ

What is Implant Teeth? How is Implant Dental Treatment Performed?

A dental implant is a titanium screw that is biocompatible with the jawbone and gingiva, developed based on biological and biomechanical principles that mimic the tooth root. It is a reliable and proven treatment protocol that has been used to replace missing teeth since the 1960s. Studies have reported a success rate of 98% to 99% in long-term follow-up of implant patients.

What are the Advantages of Implant Treatment?

Aesthetic

Implant prostheses are designed to resemble natural teeth in appearance. Implants help to maintain or restore the aesthetic appearance by supporting the jawbones and the prostheses made on them.


Protection of Natural Teeth

It offers the opportunity to treat only the missing tooth without causing any material loss in natural and healthy teeth.


Preservation of Bone Structure

Implants transmit the chewing force to the jawbone and help maintain bone volume. In partial dentures or traditional bridges, since the chewing pressure cannot be transmitted to the jawbone, bone-melting and facial collapses may occur over time.


Taste Sense

With removable full dentures, the oral mucosa in the palate area is covered with a prosthesis, which adversely affects the sense of taste of individuals. In implant-supported prostheses, the palate area can be made open. This strengthens the individuals' sense of taste.


Preservation of Chewing Efficiency

While implant-supported prostheses increase chewing efficiency and balance, the patient's postural posture; positively changes the patient's nutrition, oral flora, and digestion.


Fixed Prosthesis Wearing Comfort

It provides the opportunity to make fixed prostheses that fit in the mouth evenly, do not move, and do not have the risk of involuntary removal for individuals with missing teeth in the posterior region. You can talk and eat like your natural teeth with your implant and over-implant dentures.


How Should Implant Care Be?

  • It is normal to have swelling in the surgical area after the operation. To minimize this swelling, an ice compress should be applied on the first day after the operation.

  • Ice compresses can be applied to the procedure area by keeping them on the cheek for 5 minutes and resting for 5 minutes.

  • The first 2 days after the operation are critical. Hot food and beverages should be avoided on these days, as they may increase the risk of bleeding.

  • Shaking and spitting should not be done. It is also not recommended to take a hot shower for the first two days.

  • In the week after the operation, foods such as fish and pasta should be preferred, and excessive pressure should not be placed on the operation area.

  • The operation area can be brushed 1 day after the operation (unless your doctor has directed you to the contrary).

  • Smoking, alcohol, acidic, spicy foods, tea, and coffee are not recommended, especially in the first days after the operation.

  • Smoking impairs healing and may cause infection in the surgical site.


How long does the implant treatment?

Implant treatment; starts with placing it into the mouth after a detailed intraoral and radiological examination. Even if the number of implants is high (if the patient's health is good), they can be placed in a single session. Approximately 7 days after this procedure, the patient's stitches are removed and healing is checked. If the healing of the edentulous areas is deemed sufficient by the physician, measurements are taken for temporary prostheses to be used temporarily for 3 months to remove edentulousness. Within 1 week, the patient continues his life with temporary prostheses. The 3-month period is the time required for the implant to biologically bond with the bone. This can be determined as 2 months according to the patient's health status. After the 2-3 month waiting period is completed, radiological examinations are performed again. If the implant and bone relationship is appropriate, the prosthesis over the implant procedure begins. The construction of the prosthesis takes about 2 weeks. It requires 5-6 sessions with a physician. As a result, the treatment of the patient is concluded in 3-3.5 months following the implant surgery. In some conditions, when the appropriate amount of bone is not available in patients, this process may be prolonged when it is necessary to apply bone powder.

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